English

Bridgelea English Curriculum- March 2022 

Rationale 

At Bridgelea the children are taught at “stage not age”, and many demonstrate difficulties in literacy due to their SEMH and SLCN needs. The English curriculum encourages the foundations of early reading and writing skills, in an age appropriate, accessible manner. The use of quality texts, opportunities to develop oracy and speaking and listening skills underpin our approach to English. 

Delivery Mechanism and Assessment Framework; Reading 

We use the Oxford Reading Criterion Scale (ORCS) for assessing reading. Children are PM Benchmarked to establish their book band, and this, alongside New Group Reading Test (NGRT) and Comprehension Conversations should establish a baseline level for reading and accurate ongoing assessment.  

Reading is split into the following skills: 

  • Retrieval (Summarising, Reviewing Researching) 
  • Inference and Deduction  

See further on in this document for a full breakdown of these Reading Skills in each year group.  

The coverage of these skills is mapped across the year in the long-term map.  At Bridgelea children's learning is understood developmentally and we assess all children to identify any gaps in their phonic knowledge. Phonics is delivered daily following Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised. Decodable texts matching the child’s phonics level are used.  

Writing, SPAG and transcription.  

Writing is assessed using the Bridgelea Framework, which is based upon the Key Performance Indicator’s (KPI) for the National Curriculum. Children are baselined during the first half term they are at Bridgelea, information from the child's previous school is also considered, this enables teachers to find a “best fit” to begin assessing writing skills. 

 

At Bridgelea, we focus on supporting children to write for a purpose. Each purpose has a “RAFT” (Reason, Audience, Features, Terminology) which allows teachers to target the purpose specifically in their planning.   

Our work encompasses the move from word, to sentence, to text level. Alongside this we also have several approaches that support children's development in English: 

  • An agreed sentence displayed across school which demonstrates the complexity expected of the stage of the children in that room. (Base sentence- The cat sat (subject, verb)  
  • Colourful Narrative (A key stage one approach prescribed by SALT) 
  • Colourful Semantics (A SALT programme useful for children with MLD/ASC) 
  • TalkBoost and Talkboost 2 (A SALT programme widening vocabulary and exposing children to new words).  

 

Teaching of spellings are done alongside transcription skills. Children are taught specifically about vocabulary through looking at the morphology of the word whilst applying rules of prefix/suffix, plurals, rules of possession and exploring antonyms and synonyms.  

At Bridgelea, we are a language friendly school and use Elklan approaches to support children's development of vocabulary. We have adopted a tiered approach to vocabulary development as detailed below:  

  • Tier 1: These are the common, everyday words that most children enter school knowing already. Since we do not need to teach these, this is a tier without tears! 
  • Tier 2: This tier consists of words that are used across the content areas and are important for students to know and understand. Included here are process words like analyse and evaluate which students will run into on many standardized tests and that are also used at the university level, in many careers, and in everyday life. We really want to get these words into students' long-term memory. 
  • Tier 3: This tier consists of content-specific vocabulary—the words that are often defined in textbooks or glossaries. These words are important for imparting ideas during lessons and helping to build students' background knowledge. 

 

Below is a suggestion for English coverage for each milepost.  

The following elements work together to form the English curriculum and are all as important as each other.  

Key elements for the whole curriculum are as follows-  

  • Phonics 
  • Daily Reading 
  • Handwriting. 
  • Spellings 
  • RAFT Work 
  • Word and Sentence Level Work 
  • Shared Writing 
  • Big Write  
  • Pleasure for Reading (Class Book).  

RAFT units can vary in length: they can be two or three weeks. Below is a sample of what units may look like in each milepost. 

Milepost One: 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Handwriting 

 

Whole class text focus for the unit. 

 

Class Book 

 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Word Level  

 

RAFT Work 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Word Level 

  

Spellings 

 

RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Handwriting 

 

RAFT Work 

 

Shared Write 

 

Class Book 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

 

 

 

 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Handwriting 

 

Whole class text focus for the unit. 

 

Class Book 

 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Word Level 

 

RAFT Work 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Word Level 

 

Spellings 

 

 RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

Handwriting 

 

Big Write 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

Phonics and daily reading. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

 Key stage 2 (Milepost 2) 

Children performing at milepost 1 stage may still be taught using the milepost 1 model. The following is assuming that the children no longer require daily phonics; children who need this should be taught this using either whole class teaching, 1-1 teaching or as an intervention.  

Two-week rotation 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Whole class text focus for the unit. 

 

Spelling 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Handwriting 

 

Word Level  

 

RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Sentence Level 

 

Spellings 

 

RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Handwriting 

 

 RAFT Work 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

 

 

 

 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Spellings  

 

Whole class text focus for the unit. 

 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Handwriting 

 

Word Level 

Sentence Level 

 

RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Sentence Level 

 

Spellings 

 

 

RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Handwriting 

 

Big Write  

 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 Key stage 2 (Milepost 3) 

Children performing at milepost 2 stage may still be taught using the milepost 2 model. The following is assuming that the children have the key elements of the RAFT at secure year 3. Children who still need phonics or precision teaching of spelling this should be given 1-1 teaching or an intervention slot. There is a greater emphasis on teaching of spellings due to the spelling rules presented at milepost 3 and the RAFT needs to have greater depth of SPAG skills covered.  

Two-week rotation 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Spellings  

 

Whole class text focus for the unit. 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Word Level  

 

RAFT Work 

 

 

 

Class Book 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Sentence Level 

 

Spellings 

 

RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Handwriting 

 

Spellings 

 

Shared Write 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class book 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Spellings 

 

Whole class text focus for the unit. 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Sentence Level  

 

RAFT Work 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Sentence Level 

 

Spellings 

 

RAFT Work 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

Handwriting 

 

BIG WRITE 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

Daily reading/Guided Reading  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class Book 

 

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